Ongoing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an on-going project which is showing excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is performing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and so no insulin is produced. These mecholesterol patients have to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body following the first transplant will give warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just black out that may be dangerous when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with just approximately 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue is to make islets in the lab using stems cells. There is certainly research happening using questionable embryonic stem cells together with stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research since the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so on.

Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the answer to this issue. But you’ll find studies which raise questions regarding the capability of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to become reproduced.

Although the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists think that this research holds the most promise for achievement for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone normally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the fight to look for a remedy for this long-term disease.